The world population will increase to 9.1 billion people by 2050, consuming 70% more food than today. Yet the world’s farming community continues to decrease.
Sustainable agriculture is the key to meet future food demand. Improved agricultural productivity and farming profitability are needed to make farming an attractive and viable business. Bottlenecks have to be broken; connections between suppliers, producers and markets have to be strengthened. Partnerships represent a major approach to enhance productivity.
Yara engages in partnerships. It is part of our strategy to improve productivity, and to strengthen our market position.Read more: Food security
Engagement through partnerships creates impact. Collaboration across sectors increases efficiency, enabling sustainable productivity enhancements.
Yara contributes to partnerships. We are the world-leading provider of crop nutrition, with extensive agronomic expertise and crop knowledge. Food demand driving agricultural intensification is a challenge to the environment. Improved resource use efficiency – of land and water, energy and nutrients – is a necessity.
Improving productivity and increasing production depends upon employing knowledge. Innovation and application of best practice are prerequisites to make agriculture more sustainable.Read more: Agricultural productivity
While food demand will almost double, available cropland is predicted to grow by only 5%. Improved productivity is a key; value chains an avenue.
Farmers are center stage when shaping partnerships: they are the ones growing the crops and producing the meat. They have consistently increased their output to satisfy demand. Future increases must be achieved with relatively fewer resource inputs. Farming is challenged by climate change and low profitability, and needs enabling frameworks.
Over one billion people are employed in agriculture. The great majority are found in the developing world, where most farmers are smallholders.
While world population will increase by about 30% from 2010 to 2050, food consumption will be over twice as high – calling for innovative partnerships.
Consumers are the indirect drivers of collaborative efforts: they are the ones buying the food, and higher demand requires efficient production systems. Economic growth drives changing dietary habits and food demand. Higher meat consumption requires more grain as feedstock.
Agricultural production has to almost double by 2050. Increased consumption challenges agricultural productivity – and the sustainability of food production.Read more: Creating impact
World agriculture – particularly farmers in developing countries – face constraints impeding productivity. Public-private partnerships break bottlenecks.
Value chain analysis constitutes a framework for collaboration – between input and service providers, private and public sectors – to enable efficiency and minimize obstacles. Typically starting with provision of agronomic inputs, supported by extensions services and knowledge transfer, they move on to storage and transportation, often including processing.
Yara commits to increase value chain efficiency. We initiate projects and enter partnerships, creating functional and replicable models.Read more: Rural development
Farmers need frameworks underpinning their business. They need active policy support, as well as enabling legislature and public infrastructure.
Value chain efficiency has to be supported by enabling environments. Partnerships constitute a model for understanding the conditions needed for growth through overcoming constraints in the value chain. The public sector is the main enabler, with political and legal frameworks, as well as public utilities, servicing agriculture.
By engaging in public-private partnerships within a value chain context, stakeholders can build enabling frameworks supporting sustainable agriculture.
Smallholders in particular face obstacles to obtaining inputs that could increase their yields and incomes. Inputs may not be available – or prohibitively expensive.
Value chains provide for crucial agricultural inputs. Through coordination of procurement, transportation and transactions, among farmers as well as between suppliers, inputs are made readily available; in time for use, at an agreed price. Access to inputs is fundamental to improve productivity, and reliable deliveries are critical.
The main commercial inputs are improved seeds, mineral fertilizers and crop protection products. Yara is a main provider of crop nutrition.Read more: Position paper: Fertilizer use
Crop production depends on agricultural inputs as well as knowledge. Expert advice is not always readily available in remote rural areas.
A partnership approach can alleviate the need for knowledge support. Through interaction between partners in the value chain, farmers can gain access to technologies and experience. By increasing yields and quality, farming can become more sustainable. Within value chains, farmers can profit from an enabling framework that enhance their productivity.
Expert advice on improved farming methods is part of value chain provision. Yara offers crop knowledge through events such as demos and farmers’ meetings.Read more: Sustainable agriculture
Farmers in developing countries lose sizable percentages of their crops. Not least lack of storage causes financial losses – and less food on the market.
In well-functioning value chains warehousing and transportation add value and reduce losses. Making shared and safe storage facilities available to growers is a key avenue to reduced losses. Physical loss of marketable produce is reduced through improved protection. Financial loss is limited as the farmer is not forced to sell the entire crop when market prices are low.
Transportation to markets – and in some cases local processing – adds to the benefits of value chains.
Farmers in developing countries often lack access to local outlets as well as to export markets. Often, potential value is not added through local processing.
Value chains are market-based systems – and a way to reach markets. Traditionally, farmers in remote areas stand to lose both from insufficient physical access to markets and from lack of updated market information – vital to obtain the right prices. Including processing and marketing of their crops within the value chain enables farmers to maximize their gains.
Improved quality, from growing and storing, adds value. Yara adds to product quality through its crop nutrition solutions.
Smallholder farmers often lack key business services. They are at a disadvantage especially when it comes to financial – credit and insurance – deliveries.
Access to business services relies on efficient and functional value chains. Collaboration across value chains can help provide financial instruments and communication services. Banking, with credits as well as crop insurance, is vital to encourage investments – and reduce risks. Communications is also vital, to ensure access information, and R&D to develop adequate solutions.
Capacity building, financial services, extension services and business planning capabilities are all key provisions of successful value chains.
World agriculture – food producers and the food industry – is keen to increase agronomic production, while reducing environmental impacts.
Yara partakes in a diversity of local, regional and global partnerships, catalyzing developments, contributing extensive crop nutrition solutions and in some cases making infrastructure investments. Precision agriculture and pure nutrients provide for improved quality, better yields – and reduced environmental impacts.
Yara encourages partnership ventures. We are involved with both staple and cash crops, targeting increased productivity and reduced environmental footprints.Read more: How we engage
Orange juice is healthy, but comes at a price to the environment. Still, there is room to reduce carbon emissions from orange growing.
Cooperating within a pilot partnership, Yara and PepsiCo–Tropicana have tested creative approaches to reduce emissions from the growing process using Yara’s low-carbon fertilizers. While the use of fertilizers is a main source of emissions, trials of Yara’s low-carbon fertilizers indicate a potential carbon footprint reduction of 50% from orange growing.
Yara has developed a catalyst technology providing for the production of low-carbon fertilizers. In addition, our crop nutrition expertise contributes to reductions.Read more: Reducing carbon footprints
Maize is the most important cereal crop in Ghana, grown by most smallholder farmers. Experience gained in Ghana adds to developing food value chains.
To address a shortfall in production, Yara joined the agro-inputs company Wienco Ghana Ltd. to initiate the Ghana Grains Partnership (GGP). This collaborative effort aims at tackling constraints to productivity and profitability. A growers association set up by the GGP, Masara N’Arziki, coordinates purchases and marketing on behalf of the farmers.
Yara contributes mineral fertilizers and crop knowledge. The GGP has improved cost efficiency along the value chain, developing markets and improving incomes.Read more: Ghana Grains Partnership
Food production has great potential across Southern Africa. Increased use of vital inputs will enhance agricultural productivity.
Yara launched the corridor concept in 2008 and partnered the creation of the Southern Agricultural Growth Corridor of Tanzania (SAGCOT). The public-private partnership aims to foster inclusive, commercially successful agribusinesses benefitting regional growth and local smallholder farmers – improving food security, reducing rural poverty, and ensuring environmental sustainability.
Yara is constructing a new fertilizer terminal in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania – serving the corridor and the region at large with crop nutrition.Read more: Agricultural Growth Corridors
Coffee has become a major cash crop and income generator in Vietnam. The country is the world’s biggest producer of Robusta, with demand increasing.
Aiming to improve productivity and profitability, Yara has joined Nestlé in a pioneering partnership to enhance yields and add value from improved quality. With demonstrations showing that balanced nutrition helps increase yields, improve farmers’ incomes and reduce carbon footprints, Yara’s Crop Nutrition Concept has become the recommended program.
Yara contributes its crop knowledge, interacting with partners, including growers, throughout the value chain, through events such as farmers meetings and demo plots.
Ghana has recorded consistent agricultural growth over the past 25 years. As a result, poverty and malnutrition have been reduced and rural welfare increased.
Ghana’s agriculture is diversified, with cocoa as the major cash crop and maize as the main staple for most Ghanaians. Ghana’s government encourages public-private partnerships and agricultural value chains. Yara has supplied Ghanaian growers with crop nutrition for a quarter of a century, keeping up its commitment to productive partnerships.
Yara has a strong market position in Ghana, with solutions for several crops. We provide solutions for major cash crops, and have entered a maize partnership.Read more: Ghana Grains Partnership Read more: Africa Engagement
The North is maize country – and maize is Ghana’s most important staple, accounting for more than half the cereal production. Demand is growing.
Of around five million smallholder households in Ghana, over one million gain a main income from maize. A study of maize value chains concludes that yield increases from interventions, including optimal fertilizer application, can increase incomes by up to 250%. About 90% of the maize cropland consists of plots of less than one hectare.
Yara has helped found the farmers’ association Masara N’Arziki (‘Maize for Prosperity’). We offer fertilizer and advice through our crop clinics and other services.
Cocoa is the backbone of Ghanaian agriculture. With only 1/5 of the cocoa area fertilized, there is great potential through research and development.
After years of R&D, in cooperation with the Cocoa Research Institute of Ghana, YaraLiva Nitrabor was introduced in 2012, complementing the ‘Asaase Wura’ special blend. Field trials show the number of healthy pods increase by 27% when adding Nitrabor, and infection with black pod disease is reduced by 10%. Yara also engages in R&D for other crops.
Yara’s development of crop nutrition solutions tailored to Ghanaian environments is done in partnership with national authorities and local institutions.
Ghana has no production of mineral fertilizers and depends on imports. Fertilizers coming into Ghana also reach neighboring inland markets.
Through its bulk blender fertilizer facility and warehouse in Tema, Yara is the major importer of mineral fertilizers to Ghana. The warehouse has a capacity of two millions bags. The main blend used by Ghana’s cocoa growers, the ‘Asaase Wura’ (‘Master of the Land’) specialty fertilizer, was developed by Yara and its local partner Wienco.
Yara has committed, within the Grow Africa platform, to increase its activities in Ghana. One project is to explore options for developing a rice value chain pilot.