Investor Relations

Environmental indicator points 2010

EN1 - Materials used (imported materials only)

Yara used approximately 6.4 million tons of imported materials in 2010. This comprises dolomite, phosphate rock, potassium chloride (MOP), potassium sulfate, imported ammonia, sulfuric acid, phosphoric acid, SSP/TSP, MAP and DAP.

EN3 - Direct energy consumption by energy source

Yara’s total energy consumption in production in 2010 was 223 million GJ. This is up 7 percent from 2009. However, in terms of energy consumption per ton of finished product, the consumption decreased by 4 percent from 2009 to 2010, from 15.2 to 14.6 GJ/t finished product. See the graph below. 


Energy consumption

Energy consumption View graph

Approximately 90 percent of the company's energy consumption is related to ammonia production, based on the following energy sources
Natural gas: 82%
LPG/ethane: 6%
Fuel oil: 2%
Heavy residue oil: 10%

The remaining 10 percent of Yara's energy consumption is related to steam production from fuels and electricity consumption, see EN4.

EN4 - Indirect energy consumption/export (import/export of electricity, steam, heat to/from the site)

In 2010, Yara used 25 million GJ of energy as net import/export of electricity, steam and heat. The electricity consumption was divided among the following sources:
Hydropower: 42%
Fossil fuel: 32%
Nuclear: 17%
Renewables and other: 9%

EN5/EN7 - Energy savings versus previous year

The energy consumption per ton of finished product decreased by 4 percent from 2009 to 2010. See EN6.

EN6 - Initiatives to provide energy-efficient or renewable-energy-based products and services, and reductions in energy requirements as a result

Yara has nominated Energy Hunters at production units to define activities for reducing energy consumption. A number of projects have been initiated, some with governmental support, e.g. by the Norwegian public enterprise ENOVA in Yara Porsgrunn. Certification to the DIN EN 16001 standard on energy management is in planning, and two sites have already been certified.

In 2010, Yara's energy consumption was reduced by 4 percent compared to 2009, from 15.2 GJ per ton of finished product to 14.6 GJ.

EN8 - Total water withdrawal by source.

In 2010, Yara's total water withdrawal was 583 mill m3, from the following sources:

  •  Surface water, including water from wetlands, rivers, lakes, ocean: 65%
  •  Municipal water supplies and other water utilities: 34%
  •  Groundwater: 1%

EN9 - Water sources significantly affected by withdrawal of water.

No water sources are significantly affected by Yara's withdrawal of water.

EN11 - Environmental risks to adjacent land.

One site is located close to a designated nature area. Operations at this and other sites comply with local environmental permits, and the plants are not considered to represent a risk to the local environment, except if a major accident should take place. All Yara sites are classified as Seveso sites and are required to operate in accordance with strict procedures and management controls to prevent major accidents.

EN12 – Description of significant impacts of activities, products, and services on biodiversity in protected areas and areas of high biodiversity value outside protected areas.

See EN14.

EN14 – Strategies, current actions and future plans for managing impacts on biodiversity. 

Yara's operations can impact biodiversity, both positively and negatively. If the fertilizers are not applied correctly, they may negatively impact the environment, mainly through eutrophication, which in certain areas is a challenge, particularly for biodiversity in water.

The positive impact comes from the large increase of crop yields due to fertilizers. Increased yield makes it possible to supply market demand for food using less land, thus protecting forests from being cut down.

1. Eutrophication: Yara addresses this issue by sharing its knowledge with the farming community and other stakeholders, regularly giving training and advice to farmers at meetings in local markets.

Yara also invests in tools that help farmers make the right decision about fertilizer application. Yara’s tools help identify the correct type and amount of fertilizer. This includes soil analyses to identify which plant nutrients should be added to the soil to ensure optimal yields, along with the advanced N-Tester and N-Sensor decision-making tools.

To learn more about Yara's tool, please refer to Support tools.

2. Land use: Yara's products and services contribute to improved agricultural productivity, avoiding deforestation and loss of biodiversity. This is the reasoning behind Yara's agreement with the WWF and a notion confirmed in a recent study from Stanford University investigating how intensification of agriculture has affected land use and hence emissions of greenhouse gases. The scenarios estimate that without the “Green Revolution,” land areas about the size of Russia would have been converted from forests, grassland or peat land into farmland in order to supply market demand for agricultural products. As a consequence, the greenhouse gas emissions from agriculture would be 4.5 times higher than today.

Land use change is still a major challenge to biodiversity today. Apart from providing plant nutrition, Yara’s contributions to reduce land use change include research initiatives on sustainable intensification of agriculture and knowledge-sharing with farmers around the world in support of increased yields.

To learn more about Yara's participation in global initiatives and partnerships targeting improved agricultural productivity, please see Economic performance.

EN 15 - Number of IUCN Red List species and national conservation list species with habitats in areas affected by operation, by level of extinction risk.

No locations or habitats affected by Yara’s operations include species on the IUCN Red List or on national conservation lists.

EN16 - Greenhouse gas emissions.

Yara continues to reduce its carbon footprint. In 2010, Yara's GHG emissions were 45 percent down from 2004, when adjusting for plants acquired and closed since that time. The total amount of GHGs emitted was 13.1 million tons CO2-equivalents. The target for 2013 has already been achieved, and a new future target will be decided during 2011.


GHG emissions

GHG emissions view graph

Most of Yara’s nitric acid plants are covered by the EU ETS (Emission Trading System) or by the UN Joint Implementation mechanism. Yara’s technology for reducing nitrous oxide N2O emissions has made this possible.

In 2010, Yara was the first fertilizer company to launch a campaign on the carbon footprint of its products. This has focused on the markets in the Nordic region, to meet the obligations for climate branding of food products set by Swedish food industry organizations.

While Yara’s production emits greenhouse gases, it must be recognized that modern agriculture and fertilization techniques provide important solutions for combating climate change. In 2010, Yara continued its emphasis on providing tools and knowledge to assist farmers in profitable and environmentally sustainable farming.

EN17- Other relevant indirect greenhouse gas emissions by weight

In 2010, Yara started tracking its airlines emissions within Europe.

Domestic/International flights Flight mileage Emission factor Carbon
Domestic 1,561,597 0.18 281,087
European 10,866,532 0.18 1,955,976
International 10,970,942 0.18 1,974,770

EN18 - Initiatives to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and reductions achieved.

Yara's largest initiative to reduce GHG emissions thus far is the company's N2O catalyst technology, which removes 70 percent to 90 percent of the N2O emissions from nitric acid plants. This technology removes almost 10 million tons of CO2 equivalents from Yara's plants each year. The N2O catalyst technology is also commercially available to other companies. 56 plants have installed the catalyst so far. With Yara's and external plants combined, the catalyst technology removes approximately 30 million tons of CO2 equivalents annually.

Smaller initiatives include the upgrading of Yara's video conferencing facilities in its Oslo headquarters and the Brussels and Helsinki offices in 2009, encouraging the reduction of internal business flights. From February 2010, Yara started tracking this information to better understand the company's carbon footprint. In addition, Yara also encourages using an internal communicator tool to conduct video meetings.

Within the company's headquarters, management who receive a car allowance have incentives to choose a car with low CO2 emissions and without consumption of fossil fuel. If they do so, Yara International will give a net premium, which will be paid out together with the monthly salary. In general, purchases of cars with CO2 emissions greater than 190/g will not be approved.

EN19 - Emissions of ozone-depleting substances.

No ozone-depleting substances are used in Yara production processes. Small amounts of approved substances are used for air-conditioning systems.

EN20 - Other emissions to air.

Air emissions are measured, analyzed and registered according to national regulations. The data is combined to quantify the emissions contributing to acidification, given in SO2-eqv by 0.7 t NOx to air + 1.88 t NH3 to air + t SO2 to air + 1.689 t F to air.  See the graph below and the footnote below the graph.


Emissions to air contributing to acidification

Emissions to air view graph

Note: A new GRI reporting system was introduced in 2010, with more data from the production units becoming available. Data has not been adjusted backwards for acquisition of new plants, hence the results for the years 2008-09-10 are showing increasing values 

EN21 - Emissions to water and water discharge

Emissions to water are measured, analyzed and registered according to national regulations. The data is combined to quantify the emissions contributing to acidification, given in PO4-eqv by 0.42 t N to water + 3.06 t P to water + 0.13 t NOx to air + 0.35 t NH3 t air. See the graph below and the footnote below the graph.


Emissions to water contributing to eutrophication

Emissions to water view graph

Note:  A new GRI reporting system was introduced in 2010, with more data from the production units becoming available. Data has not been adjusted backwards for acquisition of new plants, hence the results for the years 2008-09-10 are showing increasing values

EN22 - Waste by type and disposal method.

2010 waste volumes are presented in the table below. Deposits of gypsum from Yara Siilinjärvi are not included.

Figures below are in tons per year:

Incineration on or offsite 717
Offsite deposit 3,916
Onsite deposit 3
Recycling on or offsite 10,914
Hazardous waste 15,550
Incineration on or offsite 1,048
Offsite deposit 11,297
Onsite deposit 1,817
Recycling on or offsite 9,745
Non-Hazardous waste 23,908

EN23 - Total number and volume of significant spills.

Yara recorded no significant spills or material permit breaches in 2010. In cases where emissions exceeded permit levels, Yara has agreed on improvement plans with local authorities.

EN25 - Identity, size, protected status and biodiversity value of water bodies and related habitats significantly affected by the reporting organization’s discharges of water and runoff.

Three of Yara's sites have identified sensitive water bodies and related habitats near operations. The company operates within legal permits to ensure that biodiversity is not significantly affected.

EN26 - Initiatives to mitigate environmental impacts of products and services and extent of impact mitigation.

Yara has established a number of local initiatives to mitigate environmental impacts of its products and servers. One such example is in a European plant where Yara has invested in measures to reduce emissions (NOx, N20, C02) and groundwater withdrawal. This included installing an online nitrogen analyzer to monitor water discharges and modifying the nitric machinery containment to reduce sound emergence. Other sites pump groundwater to clean it, have new storage facilities for arsenical water and have conducted studies to reduce leakage of arsenic. Another site changed one of the steam boilers from oil to gas, reducing SO2 emissions and NOx emissions by 50 percent. 

EN27 - Products sold and their packaging materials that are reclaimed.

Yara's product packaging is reclaimed based on availability of local programs. In France, Yara provides the recycling service SakosacTM with all deliveries of fertilizer in big bags. The "Sakosac" is a specifically designed sack which can contain 20 empty big bags, and two such units are supplied with each 24-ton truck. Once the farmer has gathered 20 empty big bags, they are put into a "Sakosac" and brought to the distributor’s outlet, where Yara will arrange for pickup. Yara France was the winner of the category “Respecting the environment” in the competition "Victoires des Agriculteurs 2006" for its Sakosac recycling system.

In Germany, Yara participates in the RIGK recycling system, reclaiming one third of the company's packaging.  In addition to RIGK, Yara Germany uses third-party systems for reclaiming jerrycans, plastics, paper packaging and pallets at sales points. In Norway, Yara is a member of Grønt Punkt AS ("Green Dot Norway plc"), which collects and recycles the company's packaging. 

EN28 - Monetary value of significant fines and total number of non-monetary sanctions for non-compliance with environmental laws and regulations.

In 2010, Yara reported several incidents of short-term permit breaches to local authorities in 2010, with no corrections demanded. All plants respected annual emission permits, with the exception of exceeding N emissions to water at some sites (see HESQ map).

In 2010, Yara received a monetary fine amounting to NOK 4 million for an explosion that occurred in 2008.

EN29 - Significant environmental impacts of transporting products and other goods and materials used for the organization’s operations and transporting members of the workforce.

In 2010, there were no significant impacts of transporting products or other goods and materials used in Yara’s operations.

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