Impact reporting 2015

General standard disclosures

Covering strategy and analysis, organizational profile, materiality, stakeholder engagement, report profile, governance and ethics and integrity.
Yara - GRI reporting 2015

Strategy and Analysis 

G4-1 CEO statement

CEO Message in the Financial Report 2015, page 6. 

Annual report 2015 (PDF 3,82MB)

CEO Q&A in the Impact Review 2015, page 2: 

Yara impact review 2015 (PDF 2,87MB)

G4-2 Impacts, risks, and opportunities. 

Yara is committed to proactive and effective risk management to mitigate adverse effects on our operations and to identify and explore business opportunities. Ultimately, risk management contributes to achieving our long-term strategies and short-term goals.

Operational risks 

At the Yara-material level, risks are assessed within Yara's risk management system, and reference is made to the risk section of the Financial Report 2015. The most relevant elements are included here. Additional risks were addressed in Yara's process defining its Sustainable Value Matrix and subsequent process to prioritize the relevant GRI aspects.

Health and safety 

Yara's production sites are large industrial plants, and many of Yara's raw materials, intermediates and products are classified as substances dangerous to the health. Such a working environment contains various potential occupational health and safety risks to employees and contractors working on site. 

While Yara's raw materials are often dangerous chemicals, the final fertilizers typically are not classified as hazardous, and the occupational health and safety risk at the use phase is minor. 


Yara has a strict requirement on reporting of incidents, accidents and injuries, and works continuously to improve safety practices and safety culture by systematically enforcing strict operating procedures and developing employee and contractor competence. Yara's ambition is zero injuries and the company continues to set challenging KPI targets for occupational safety. Focus is based on actions that will further develop the safety culture in Yara with the aim to reduce exposure through greater responsibility for self and others. 

Our Safe by Choice is the umbrella for all safety activities with the aim to develop strong safety leadership, to drive operational discipline, and to train and encourage staff to always act and react in accordance with our safety standards. The competence and the discipline of each employee to follow our safety standards promotes risk awareness on the job and in private life. 

Yara production operations are covered by environmental permits and they are operated in accordance with strict procedures and management controls to prevent major process safety related accidents. 

Yara also pursues the goal of reduced risk exposure outside of our own operations, by implementing the Product Stewardship program. The principles of product stewardship guide Yara's operations through the supply chain. 

It ensures that proper care is taken along the entire value chain, from product development and purchase of raw materials, through production, storage and distribution, to sales, delivery and usage. 

Yara constantly seeks to improve the quality of its products, operations and manufacturing processes. 

More information is found online:

Our Product Stewardship approach 


Yara's core business is production and sales of nitrogen (N) substances, mostly crop nutrients but also as industrial chemicals and environmental solutions. 

The production processes of N-fertilizers and chemicals are energy-intensive, with most of the energy being derived from natural gas. Use of energy and emission of greenhouse gases during ammonia and nitric acid production forms a major environmental impact related to Yara's activities. Yara's operations are covered by global, regional and local energy and greenhouse gas regulations. 

Good control of manufacturing processes forms a basis for Yara's compliance with emission and discharge permits and legislative requirements. Yara's large chemical manufacturing sites are classified as industrial activities with potential major accident hazards. The plants are not considered to represent a risk to the local environment, except if a major accident should occur. 

Use of nitrogen fertilizers represents both a substantial part of the energy consumption and the potential environmental impact of farming. Balancing increased productivity and environmental impacts is essential.


Yara is dedicated to excellent performance in terms of environmental impact. We endeavor to promote industry leading standards . By developing a novel N2O catalyst technology, and implementing it in the nitric acid plants, Yara has managed to cut the company's GHG emissions in half. 

Yara enforces a strict regime of control over its processes, based on the ISO 14001 standard. Internal performance data is routinely checked and reported to regulatory authorities. Data is also collected externally and reporting processes are verified.

Yara promotesbest farming practices such as balanced fertilization and precision farming. Supporting the FAO's goal of sustainably increasing agricultural productivity, Yara fully supports and implements the concept ofsustainable intensification . This is defined as helping growers produce more crops on the same land with less environmental impact. 

For a full account, reference is made to the following web section: 

Health, Environment and Safety

Social and economic 

Yara's main products are fertilizers, with farmers being the end consumer of the products. The world's first industrial scale manufacturing of N fertilizers was established by Norsk Hydro in Notodden, Norway, in 1905. The fertilizer division of Norsk Hydro was demerged as Yara in 2004. 

A century ago, the world was facing a growing concern over the ability to feed a growing population. Mineral fertilizers were the solution.

Today, it is estimated that half the proteins consumed by humans originate from fertilizers. Enabling global food security is a main result of our industry. 

As fertilizers boost farm productivity, purchasing Yara's products is a profitable investment for commercial farmers. 

Potential risks include: soil mining if the right products are not used in the right way and in the volumes needed, crop failure if products are not correctly labelled or the quality is not correct, low of no return on investment due to market conditions in particular in less developed regions.


In line with the universally adopted approach of sustainable development, Yara subscribes to the approach of sustainable agriculture as consisting of three pillars : 

Profitable production : The economic dimension: Agriculture must provide sufficient financial reward to farmers, enable them to make a decent living, encourage production and conservation of the environment. 

Protected Environment : The environmental dimension: Agriculture shall minimize the use of non-renewable resources, replenish tapped resources, protect and enhance the environment and natural resources. 

Prosperous communities : The societal dimension: Agriculture shall contribute to thriving and viable local communities, to economic and social development, including the provision of healthy food. 

Sharing knowledge and providing holistic solutions are Yara's main approaches to supporting farmer profitability. This is done according to local conditions. 

In Europe, Yara provides expert advice and precision farming tools, supporting the farmers in optimizing - and often reducing - the fertilizer consumption while increasing yields. 

In developing economies, Yara actively engages with farmers face to face, explaining how to use the right products in an optimal way. Also, in developing economies, lack of access to markets and finance is a core issue for farmers. Yara engages in partnerships to foster a positive, enabling framework for agricultural development. 

On product risks, reference is made to Yara's Product Stewardship program described above.

Long term trends: strategic risks and opportunities 

Yara is positioned as a leading company in our industry regarding environmental stewardship and low GHG emissions. From a sustainability perspective, an increasing societal and political emphasis on improved sustainability performance for value chains should prove to be supportive for Yara's competitive position. 

The fertilizer market is a global one. Therefore, looking at the regional and local perspective, there are risks involved if regulatory actions adds costs for parts of the industry. The EU has through its Emission Trading System (ETS) regulated industry emissions, including the fertilizer industry. As just above half of Yara's ammonia capacity is covered by the ETS, this constitutes a risk relative to global competitiveness. 

Regulatory risk on fertilizer application is also present to a certain extent. As lower fertilizer use will be associated with reduced productivity in agriculture, Yara considers this to be a modest risk. 

Yara actively pursues opportunities to improve the company's competitive advantage through building market and stakeholder interest in low carbon footprint and climate smart agriculture. This is done by providing farmers crop and location specific advice to increase efficiency and optimize land use, building internal capacity on measuring and calculating carbon footprints, doing life cycle assessments and working with external stakeholders to embed such methodologies into tools available for farmers and the food industry. In addition, Yara Crop Nutrition offer a large portfolio of differentiated fertilizer products which typically have a higher use efficiency than most of the commodity fertilizers. 

One of Yara's fastest growing business units is the Environmental Solutions which is part of the Industrial segment. Backed by a century of experience in nitrogen applications for industry, Yara uses its knowledge of chemicals derived from the production of fertilizers to offer complete solutions for abatement of nitrogen oxides NOx and hydrogen sulfide H2S, and for water treatment. For the Maritime sector, we provide scrubbers, removing SOX emissions. 

We help our clients meet increasingly stringent standards around the world. Yara's environmental solutions are already cleaning NOX emissions equal to the total emissions in France.


The fertilizer industry in Europe has the lowest GHG emissions in the world. Should the EU ETS incur added costs to the European fertilizer industry, there is a high risk for carbon leakage. Yara is aligned with the industry association, Fertilizer Europe, which argues that the technically unavoidable emissions should be covered by free allowances.

Organizational profile 

G4-3 Name of the organization. 

Yara International ASA 

G4-4 Primary brands, products, and services. 

Reference is made to the Financial Report 2015, page 52: 

Annual report 2015 (PDF 3,82MB)

Yara's global brand is the Viking ship logo, with the tagline 'Knowledge grows' added below. Our logo is a symbol of our aspirations and a commitment to our promises: Yara´s knowledge, products and solutions grow farmers', distributors' and industrial customers' businesses profitably and responsibly, while protecting the earth's resources, food and environment. 

Yara is the world's largest producer and marketer of mineral fertilizers that help growers feed a hungry world population. Our portfolio ranges from single-nutrient fertilizers to complex compounds and micronutrients for all kind of crops. Unlike most fertilizer companies, Yara offers a complete range of crop nutrition products. We can do this because we are a market leader and a crop nutrition expert. 

Our fertilizers range from those based on the most widely needed nutrients - N, P and K - to those incorporating growth and quality enhancing nutrients, such as calcium and magnesium, to micronutrients that help prevent or cure deficiencies resulting from particular soil or crop conditions. 

If crops lack any of these nutrients, yield and profitability are reduced. That's why Yara offers not only a product range that meets all crop nutrition needs, but also crop-specific advice and fertilizer management tools. 

Yara also offers a number of support services and tools, most of which are covered on this web page:

Support tools 

Industrial solutions 

Yara's Industrial segment converts energy, natural minerals and nitrogen from the air into essential products for industrial applications. 

As a leading urea and ammonia producer, Yara offers reliability through our control of the supply chain. This allows us to support our customers with the right solutions at the right time for their businesses. We understand and interact with our industrial clients to adapt applications that meet their needs and help them reach their full business potential. 

Industrial chemicals include urea, ammonia, nitrates, calcium nitrate and nitric acid. For the mining industry, Yara delivers technical ammonium nitrate, which is a raw material for explosives. 

Also serving the world's farmers is Yara's product range of animal nutrition: high-quality feed phosphates, feed grade urea and feed acidifiers. 

Being Yara's fastest growing business unit, the Environmental Solutions delivers several solutiosn to the market. Air1 is Yara's Adblue product, also called DEF in the US and Brazilian markets. This catalyst fluid reacts with harmful NOx emissions in diesel engines' exhaust, cleansing the emssions. 

Yara NoxCare is a complete portfolio of technology, reagents, after-treatment processes and services for nitrogen oxide emissions abatement, delivered to industrial plants. 

Environmental solutions also delivers to the maritime sector, water utilities and wastewater treatment plants. 

For a full account of products and services, reference is made to this web page: 

Products and services

G4-5 Location of the organization’s headquarters. 

Oslo, Norway 

G4-6 Global presence. 

Yara has operations in about 60 countries, and has sales to about 160 countries. The locations of our operations can be found here: 

Web link: Where we operate

Web link: Production sites

G4-7 Ownership and legal form. 

Financial Report 2015, pages 53-55: 

Annual report 2015 (PDF 3,82MB)

G4-8 Markets served. 

Yara's total sales in 2015 were 35.7 million tons of products, of which 26.5 million tons were fertilizers. 7.0 million tons were Industrial products, including Environmental Solutions. Yara also traded 2.1 million tons ammonia. 

Yara's business is mostly business-to-business. Reference is also made to the Financial Report 2015, in particular in Note 5, pages 80-85: 

Annual report 2015 (PDF 3,82MB)

G4-9 Scale of the organization. 

Information is given in the Financial Report 2015. Refer in particular to entry pages (inside cover) and Note 5, pages 80-85. 

Annual report 2015 (PDF 3,82MB)

Number of employees: Reference is made to G4-10 

Number of operations: Reference is made to G4-6 

Net sales 2015: NOK 111.9 bn 

Net interest-bearing debt at the end of Q4 reporting period: NOK 11.9 bn 

The debt/equity ratio at the end of fourth quarter 2015, calculated as net interest-bearing debt divided by shareholders' equity plus non-controlling interests, was 0.16. 

Quantity of products: Reference is made to G4-8

G4-10 Employees. 

At the end of 2015, Yara had 12,883 permanent employees worldwide, an increase of 810 (7%) compared to the previous year. The largest increase was in Brazil (increased by 549), mainly due to a reclassification from seasonal/third party/union contractors to permanent employees. The figures in this section include all employees in Galvani, Brazil (Yara's ownership share is 60%). The increase of 616 non-permanent employees is mostly due to Galvani not being fully included in these figures last year. 

In 2015, Yara employed 480 permanent employees in Africa compared with 390 last year. This increase is due to the acquisition of MSF in Egypt and increase of operations in Dallol, Ethiopia. 

The table above does not include Lifeco employees. Lifeco, Yara's equity-accounted investee, had 937 permanent employees at the end of 2015 - 917 males and 18 females. The company does not have any temporary employees. Out of the 917 male employees, there are 107 international assignees, mainly Indians, Filipinos and Bangladeshi. 

The chemical industry is historically a male dominated industry. In Yara, the share of female employees among permanent employees has remained around 19% over the past few years

Status Gender Africa Asia and Oceania Brazil Europe Latin America North America Grand Total
Permanent Female 74 157 639 1206 331 93 2500
Male 406 450 3433 4600 992 502 10383
Permanent Total 480 607 4072 5806 1323 595 12883
Non-permanent Female 6 58 332 449 69 37 951
Male 40 132 1582 1346 114 101 3315
Non-permanent Total 46 190 1914 1795 183 138 4266
Grand Total 526 797 5986 7601 1506 733 17149

G4-11 Employees covered by collective bargaining agreements. 

Yara values its good relationship with employees and their organizations and engages with them on a regular basis. In 2015, about 72% of Yara employees were covered by collective bargaining agreements. The decrease from last year in Africa can be partially attributed to the acquisition of a new company in Egypt (MSF).

2014 2015
Percentage of employees covered by collective bargaining % 19,5% 15,8%
Asia and Oceania
Percentage of employees covered by collective bargaining % 17,3% 18,5%
Brazil (including Galvani)
Percentage of employees covered by collective bargaining % 70,9% 100,0%
Percentage of employees covered by collective bargaining % 77,9% 78,5%
Latin America
Percentage of employees covered by collective bargaining % 11,6% 16,6%
North America
Percentage of employees covered by collective bargaining % 34,9% 35,3%
Percentage of employees covered by collective bargaining % 61,6% 71,8%
Figure 1 – % employees covered by collective bargaining 

G4-12 Supply chain. 

Yara is the world's largest producer and marketer of mineral fertilizers. 

Energy, ammonia and natural minerals are the basis for mineral fertilizer. The production process takes nitrogen from the air to produce ammonia as the basis for all nitrogen fertilizers. Ammonia is produced by reacting nitrogen from the air with hydrogen at high pressure and temperature in the presence of a catalyst. The hydrogen is most often produced by reacting natural gas with water at high temperature and pressure in the presence of a catalyst, so natural gas is primarily used as feedstock rather than energy. To a lesser degree, natural gas is also used for energy. 

Phosphate, potash and other crop nutrients are mined and transformed into products that can be taken up by plants. 

Phosphorus occurs in natural geological deposits of phosphate rock, which is mined from the earth's crust. The largest deposits of phosphate rock are located in North Africa, China, India, the United States, Brazil, Australia and Russia. 

Potassium salts, or potash, are mined from naturally occurring ore bodies that were formed as seawater evaporated. Potash deposits are even less evenly distributed. Only 12 countries mine potash; in 2002, six of those countries (Canada, Russia, Belarus, Germany, Israel and Jordan) produced nearly 90 percent of the world's aggregate production of approximately 24 million tons, measured as K2O. 

For an account of the full range of crop nutrients, information is provided at this web section:

Crop nutrition

The main part of Yara's expenses are variable costs, of which purchases of natural gas is the main item. 

Key 2015 figures, NOK millions: 

Revenue and other income: 111,897 

Operating costs and expenses: (97,793) 

Of which: Raw materials, energy costs and freight expenses: (79,067) 

While Yara in total has several hundred thousand suppliers, from a materiality perspective the raw material sourcing constitutes the most important element. Sorted by main raw material, the suppliers are: 

Natural gas: Yara sources natural gas, and in a few cases other forms of hydrocarbons, for production of N fertilizers. The largest suppliers are: Statoil, Gazprom, ENI, NGC (Trinidad), Apache and Shell. 

Phosphate: For NPK fertilizers, granular phosphates for straight application and feed phosphates. Yara sources phosphate mainly from: OCP, Phosagro, Mosaic, ICL, Vale, Galvani, Eurochem, Foskor and Yara Siilinjärvi (100% Yara owned mine). 

Potash: For NPK fertilizers, Yara sources potash from mainly 9 suppliers: BPC, Uralkali, K+S, ICL, PCS, Canpotex, SQM, Kemira and Tessenderlo. 

Other: There are 10 additional crop nutrients which are sourced in smaller amounts, with a combined total being below the potash volume.

G4-13 Significant changes during the reporting period. 

There were no significant re-structuring of Yara during 2015. The following releases describes the most important releases throughout the year, with some impact on geographical or sectoral footprint:

Yara International and BASF Group have agreed to build a world scale ammonia plant at BASF's site in Freeport, Texas 

Yara to sell its 50% stake in GrowHow UK 

Yara enters agreement to sell its European CO2 business

Yara proceeds with USD 185 million payment and equity injection for Salitre project  

Yara agrees to acquire Sacramento terminal; underscores its commitment to California farmers 

Yara expands downstream footprint in Africa 

For a full overview of stock exchange releases, reference is made to the '2015' tab this web page: Press releases

For information about the share capital structure and related information, reference is made to the Financial Report 2015, pages 53-55.

Annual report 2015 (PDF, 3,82MB)

Some small site closures are described in G4-SO2.

G4-14 The precautionary approach or principle

Yara’s HESQ Policy defines our approach to the precautionary principle: 

Yara’s Health, Environment, Safety and Quality Policy

G4-15 Externally developed economic, environmental and social charters, principles, or other initiatives to which the organization subscribes or which it endorses

Reference is made to the Global engagement chapter of the Impact Review, pages 19-32. 

Yara impact review 2015 (PDF 2,87MB) 

See also: 

Web link: Ethics and Compliance program 

Web link: Commitments and policies

G4-16 Memberships of associations

Yara is a corporate member of the two leading fertilizer industry associations, the International Fertilizer Industry Association (IFA), and Fertilizers Europe, as well as the Fertilizer Institute (TFI). Yara is also part of the European Industrial Gases Association (EIGA) and the European Chemical Industry Council (CEFIC). 

Yara is a UN Global Compact (UNGC) signatory, committed to the 10 Principles covering human rights, labor rights, environment and anti-corruption. Yara has also endorsed the UNGC Caring for Climate initiative, CEO Water Mandate and the Call to Action: Anti-Corruption, and Yara is also a founding participant of the voluntary Food and Agriculture Business Principles (FABs). Yara is also a UNGC LEAD company, and in 2015 Yara held a co-chair position in its task force on the sustainable development goals. 

Yara is an active member of the Private Sector Mechanism of the UN Committee of World Food Security (CFS). Yara has also signed up to the Global Alliance for Climate Smart Agriculture (GACSA). Through IFA, Yara is part of the International Agri-Food Network (IAFN) at the CFS, the Business & Industry Major Group to the UN and the Global Business Alliance in New York and the multi-stakeholder coalition Farming First. Yara is an associated member of the Zinc Nutrient Initiative. Yara is also a member of the Development Task Force of the Business and Industry Advisory Committee to the OCDE - BIAC. 

Yara is an Industry Partner of the World Economic Forum (WEF) and is part of the New Vision for Agriculture and the related Grow Africa and Grow Asia partnerships, and the World Business Council on Sustainable Development (WBCSD).

(For indicators G4-17 to G4-23, visit the Sustainable Value Matrix page.)

Stakeholder engagement 

G4-24 Main stakeholder groups engaged by the organization

Yara’s main stakeholder groups are: Employees, customers, investors, suppliers and influencers.

Reference is made to the web page outlining Yara's stakeholder dialogue.

Web link: Stakeholder dialogue

Key activities are accounted for in the Impact Review 2015, Global Engagements section, pages 19-23.

Yara impact review 2015 (PDF 2,87MB) 

G4-25 The basis for identification and selection of stakeholders with whom to engage

Yara has a wide range of stakeholders and engages in dialogue and cooperation, locally and globally. The engagement relates to challenges relevant to our business, often linked to global issues. We engage directly with our stakeholders or indirectly through industry associations. 

For more information, see the Impact Review 2015 pages 19-23. 

Yara impact review 2015 (PDF 2,87MB)

Web link: Stakeholder dialogue

G4-26 The organization’s approach to stakeholder engagement

Yara has a wide range of stakeholders and engages in dialogue and cooperation, locally and globally. The engagement relates to challenges relevant to our business, often linked to global issues. We engage directly with our stakeholders or indirectly through industry associations. 

For more information, see Impact Review 2015 pages 19-23. 

Yara impact review 2015 (PDF 2,87MB)

Web link: Stakeholder dialogue

G4-27 Key topics and concerns that have been raised through stakeholder engagement

No significant concerns have been raised at the corporate level. At a local level, concerns have been raised from local communities adjacent to production facilities with regards to noise and dust. Yara strives to minimize the environmental impact of the operations, and does comply with laws, rules and regulations in the countries and communities in which we operate. Yara will communicate promptly, completely and accurately with local communities and encourage an active and open dialogue to meet their concerns. Reference is made to Yara’s Code of Conduct and HESQ Policy. 

An overview of other stakeholder engagement activities are found in the Impact Review 2015, 

Chronicle on pages 19-23. 

Yara impact review 2015 (PDF 2,87MB) 

Report Profile 

G4-28 Reporting period  

The reporting period covers the calendar year 2015, unless otherwise specified in the individual responses. 

G4-29 Date of most recent previous report

Yara published the 2014 GRI reporting in March 2015. 

G4-30 Reporting cycle 

Yara's reporting cycle is annual. 

G4-31 Provide the contact point for questions regarding the report or its contents 

Bernhard Stormyr 

Head of Sustainability Management 

Send email

G4-32 In accordance option, GRI content index and external assurance

Yara has prepared the GRI report in accordance with the 'Core' reporting definition.

GRI reporting

External assurance is done by Deloitte. The assurance letter is published on the GRI reporting web page.

G4-33 The organization’s policy and current practice with regard to seeking external assurance for the report

We engaged Deloitte AS to conduct a review, in accordance with attestation standard ISAE 3000 “Assurance Engagements other than Audits or Reviews of Historical Financial Information” established by the International Auditing and Assurance Standards Board, to provide a limited level of assurance on the Yara – GRI Reporting 2015. The auditor’s report is presented as a pdf attachment at the main GRI reporting web page. b. If not included in the assurance report accompanying the sustainability report, report the scope and basis of any external assurance provided.

Deloitte is independent from Yara. Deloitte also audits Yara's financial records. The external assurance is presented to the level below the company's CFO.


G4-34 The governance structure of the organization 

See the Corporate Governance section in the Financial Report 2015, pages 30-37.

Annual report 2015 (PDF 3,82MB)

See also the Governance web section: 

Web link: Governance section

Ethics and Integrity 

G4-56 The organization’s values, principles, standards and norms of behavior such as codes of conduct and codes of ethics

Yara's values are the foundation of who we are and how we act: 

Ambition is characterized as performing above expectations, taking initiative and constantly striving to improve your competencies in line with company ambitions and personal goals. 

Teamwork is characterized as supporting your colleagues, being self-motivated and always delivering as agreed. 

Trust is characterized as being approachable, encouraging and willing to give honest and constructive feedback. 

Accountability is characterized as being reliable, taking responsibility and always having Yara's best interests in mind when faced with tough decisions. 

The operating standards, opinions and policies governing the company's performance are described and linked to in this web section: 

Commitment and Policy

G4-57 The internal and external mechanisms for seeking advice on ethical and lawful behavior, and matters related to organizational integrity, such as helplines or advice lines

Yara has made available a number of mechanisms for seeking advice on integrity, ethical and lawful behavior. Line managers are the primary route for employees to raise concerns, and managers receive support from relevant expert functions (such as Ethics and Compliance), where needed. Expert functions can be contacted directly by employees where a question or concern is regarding a subject matter where expertise is needed. Typically, departments such as Human Resources and Legal could be contacted in this manner. The Ethics and compliance Department is contactable by a series of means including in-person with one of the dedicated Ethics & Compliance professionals throughout the business and sitting in the business units across the globe. Alternatively, employees can use the email address to reach the central Ethics and Compliance Department. An external ethics channel has been established for many years and can be used by employees in many languages, either using a web-based portal or a telephone hotline. 

G4-58 The internal and external mechanisms for reporting concerns about unethical or unlawful behavior, and matters related to organizational integrity, such as escalation through line management, whistleblowing mechanisms or hotlines 

Reference is made to G4-57.

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