Yara and sustainability

Labor practices and decent work indicator points 2011

LA 1 – Total Workforce by Employment Type, Employee contract and Region 

Africa Asia Brazil Europe Latin America
North America and Trinidad
 Region not given All Regions
Permanent employees - female 29 95 137 962 113 80  19 1,435
Permanent employees - male 162 196 975 4,064 302 445  48 6,192
Total - Permanent employees 191 291 1,112 5,026 415 525  67 7,627
Non-permanent contracts female 2 44 201 2 15  2 266
Non-permanent contracts - male 2 8 214 536 38 79  22 899
Total non-permanent contracts 2 10 323 1,167 40 94 31 1,667
Total workforce 193 301 1,435 6,193 455 619  98 9,294

Note: Non-permanent contracts – gender not given; this relates to some countries where due to local legislation some employees choose not to disclose gender.

At the end of 2011, Yara had 7,627 permanent employees worldwide. This represents a slight increase from the 7,348 employees in 2010, which reflects both organic growth as well as acquisition. The increase is mainly in Latin America as well as in the creation of a new office in Shanghai and increased activity in other areas of Asia Pacific. Staff turnover fell to about 8% in 2011. As in previous years, staff turnover is highest in Brazil.

Around 19% of Yara’s permanent employees are female, which is related to the historical male dominance in this sector of industry. Last year, female to male ratio was reported to be approximately 23%, this was incorrect due to a miscalculation in employee figures.

LA2 – Total number and rate of employee turnover by age group, gender and region

Africa Asia Brazil Europe Latin America North America
and Trinidad
All regions
Permanent employees hired by Yara
Female permanent hired by Yara 3 18 35 75 20 10 161
Male permanent hired by Yara 12 53 268 198 73 41 645
Age above 50 1 2 11 23 5 6 48
Age below 30 4 21 131 104 44 19 323
Age between 30-50 11 48 161 145 44 26 435
 Permanent employees leaving Yara              
 Female permanent leaving Yara  2  15  31  57  14  6  125
 Male permanent leaving Yara  6  14  169  204  42  22  457
 Age above 50  2  1  10  155  9  9  186
 Age below 30  4  3  72  24  17  5  125
 Age between 30-50  2  23  118  82  30  14  269

LA3 – Benefits provided to full-time employees that are not provided to temporary or part-time employees by major operations.

Benefits provided to full-time employees that are not provided to temporary or part-time employees differ based on country. The graphs below displays benefits provided to permanent employees and non-permanent employees, ranging from disability coverage, flexible working hours, health care facilities and life insurance. 

Benefits for permanent employees

Benefits for permanent employees

Benefits for non-permanent employees

Benefits for non-permanent employees

The majority of Yara's operations provide a minimum of disability coverage for full-time employees, as well as health-care facilities. Other types of benefits for permanent employees, such as educational assistance, savings plan and travel insurance, are provided in some countries.

LA4 – Percentage of employees covered by collective bargaining agreements

Yara values its good relationship with employees and their organizations and works with them on a regular basis. In 2011, about 76% of Yara employees were covered by collective bargaining agreements, down from 78% in 2010. Asia has increased from 0% to 19.6%, and Africa has had a decrease from 94.8% to 0, as last year’s numbers were reported under collective bargaining agreements, but they are in fact only covered by conditions of service.

The table below shows the percentage of employees covered by collective bargaining agreements broken down by region.

Percentage of employees covered by collective bargaining agreements
Africa 0.0%
Asia 19.6%
Brazil 100.0%
Europe 86.4%
Latin America 23.1%
North America and Trinidad 37.9%
Total Yara 76.2%

LA 5 – Minimum notice period(s) regarding significant operational changes, including whether it is specified in collective agreements

Notice periods are included in the collective bargaining agreements in 15 of our countries. Of these, 10 countries have specified number of weeks in their collective bargaining agreements, ranging from 2-14 weeks, giving an average of 6 weeks.

LA 6 – Percentage of total workforce represented in formal joint management-working health and safety committees that help monitor and advise on occupational health and safety programs

All of Yara’s 21 production sites have a mandatory health and safety committee that covers all of the employees working on the site. Within Yara offices there are varying degrees of formal health and safety committees depending on local legislation. 19 of the 40 reporting countries have a health and safety committee in place. 3230 employees are covered by the mandate of the local health and safety committee, which based on number of permanent employees equals 42%.

LA 7 – Rates of injury, occupational diseases, lost days and absenteeism and number of work related fatalities by region

In 2011, Yara achieved an LTI rate (lost-time injuries per million hours worked) of 1.9 for employees and contractors combined, up from 1.6 in 2010. The accident rate is half of the average for European fertilizer producers.

The TRI rate (total recordable injuries per million hours worked) for Yara employees and contractors combined was 4.0. The TRI rate includes lost-time injuries, restricted work cases where the employee was allowed to carry out work that was different from his or her normal duties and medical treatment cases.

Absence due to sickness at Yara’s production plants was 3.6% in 2011, slightly above the 3.5% in 2010. Joint venture companies are included in the statistics in cases where Yara has operational responsibility.

Health, safety performance 2007 - 2011  
Health and safety LTI rate (lost-time injuries per million hours worked) 2007 2008 2009 2010  2011
LTI rate employees 1.5 1.0 1.3 1.0  1.3
LTI rate contractors 2.3 2.0 2.0 3.0  3.1
LTI rate employees and contractors 1.7 1.2 1.5 1.6  1.9
TRI rate Yara (total recordable injuries per million hours worked) 3.3 3.5 2.7 3.8  4.0
Sickness rate production sites (percent) 3.7 3.8 4.3 3.5  3.6

Yara experienced three serious accidents in 2011, one of which had a  fatal outcome: In Brazil, an electrician received an electrical shock during work on a panel that had not been de-energized and locked out according to procedures. Yara recognizes the severity of such incidents and that they should not occur. To this end, Yara works continuously and systematically to elevate safety levels, enforcing strict operating procedures and conducting extensive employee training and audit programs.

In 2011, the company upgraded and strengthened technical and operational procedures for contractors, who have historically been more prone to undesired incidents than Yara employees. Yara also continued to develop the BBS (Behavior-Based Safety) program, focusing on better employee safety performance feedback, and strengthening management commitment through more safety walks. The Upstream segment proceeded to focus on operational discipline, including new training initiatives for engineers, leaders, supervisors and operators and technical safety in its Process Safety program. Yara continued to raise safety awareness and improve reporting and hazard identification in the Downstream and Industrial segments.

LA8 - Education, training, counseling, prevention and risk control program in place to assist workforce members, their families and community members regarding serious diseases

None of Yara's operations involve risks of incidents of serious diseases. Yara provides treatment for workforce members, their families and community members. 40 percent of Yara's offices have programs in place for education, training, prevention and risk control if serious diseases were to occur.

For example, one European country has tailored its working environment to support employees with a specific personal illness. One of our plants implemented a Stress Monitoring Committee with representatives from HR, the union, and a company doctor to identify cases of severe stress and implement solutions for stress reduction. A similar group has been set up for prevention of psychosocial risks.

LA9 - Health and safety topics covered in formal agreements with trade unions

Health and safety topics are covered in all trade agreements between Yara and its unions.

Yara has set up a European Works Council to promote cooperation between management and European employee representatives and meet the company’s economical, social and environmental challenges. This agreement has been amended with a Safety Agreement to share the same commitment to safety and to reach the goal of zero accidents. Safety principles such as application of sites’ safety rules, joint health and safety committees and employee participation and involvement are covered.

LA10 - Average hours of training per year per employee by employee category

In 2011, Yara spent approximately NOK 25 millions on external training, equaling about NOK 3,277 per employee. In 2012 we will be launching a new mandatory Ethics Training Program for all employees.

LA 11 – Programs for skills management and lifelong learning that support the continued employability of staff and assist them in managing their careers

The table below shows the percentage of countries that provide assistance and support to employees when retiring or terminated. Yara follows legislative and union guidelines in regard to providing programs for skills management for employees. Therefore much of this assistance is provided as a service from the government rather than directly from Yara.

Yes No
Africa 0.0% 100.0%
Asia 0.0% 100.0%
Brazil 0.0% 100.0%
Europe 50.0% 50.0%
Latin America 75.0% 25.0%
North America and Trinidad 100.0% 0.0%
Yara 37.5% 62.5%

The countries that provide assistance programs, provide the below.

Assistance programs provided

Assistance programs provided

LA 12 – Percentage of employees receiving regular performance and career development 

Africa Asia  Brazil  Europe  Latin America  North America incl. Trinidad  Total Yara
2011 2011 2011 2011 2011 2011 2011
Percentage of permanent employees receiving performance review 88.0% 44.0% 13.3% 92.5% 73.5% 93.1% 82.3%
Female permanent employees receiving performance review 37 52 77 910 66 76 1,218
Male permanent employees receiving performance review 131 76 460 3,741 239 413 5,060
Total number permanent employees receiving performance review 168 128 537 4,651 305 489 6,278

Number and percentage on Europe and Africa deviate from numbers reported in 2010, due to moving Egypt from region Europe to Africa, and last year percentage in Europe was based on permanent and non-permanent employees, this year figure is only based on permanent.

LA 13 – Composition of governance bodies and breakdown of employees per category according to gender, age group, minority group memberships and other indicators of diversity

Yara strives to improve diversity in both corporate management as well as board composition. Currently, Yara has nine members on the Executive Management Team. Of the nine members, one member is female, and two are non-Norwegians (Belgian and Swedish).

The Yara Board of Directors consists of nine members. While all board members are Norwegian, three are female and three are employee representatives, all male.

Within the top 121 management positions in Yara, 12 positions are filled by women, 38 are held by Norwegians, 72 by other Europeans, one by a North American, six by Latin Americans and four by Asians.

LA 15 – Return to work and retention rates after parental leave, by gender

Africa Asia Brazil Europe Latin America North America Yara
How many female employees met the requirements of going out on parental leave 7 8 8 80 3 2 108
How many female employees took parental leave 3 5 8 68 3 2 89
How many female employees returned to work after parental leave ended 2 4 7 62 3 1 79
How many male employees met the requirements of going out on parental leave 28 0 40 143 7 8 226
How many male employees took parental leave 9 0 40 137 7 8 201
How many male employees took parental leave 9 0 30 134 7 8 188

Australia (region Asia) - 1 female employee still on maternity leave at time of reporting
Brazil - 1 female and 2 male employees still on maternity leave at time of reporting

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