Impact reporting 2015

Environmental indicator points

Aspect: Materials 



Mineral fertilizers are made from naturally occurring raw materials. The principal raw materials for fertilizer production are:

  • Air to provide nitrogen 
  • Natural gas and oil to provide hydrogen and energy (for production of ammonia) 
  • Rock phosphate (natural minerals, extracted from mined rock) 
  • Potassium salts (natural minerals, extracted from mined rock) 
  • Sulfur (for production of sulfuric acid used in the production of most phosphate fertilizers, mainly from desulfurization/cleaning of oil and gas)

Recycled materials as sources for nitrogen, potash or phosphate are not used as raw materials on a material scale. 

Yara's productivity management process is based on three equally important and interacting models: The management model, optimization of physical assets and resources and the way we work. Productivity entails core KPIs for production plants' business plans. All production losses are reported, their root causes analyzed and corrective actions identified. Plant uptime is followed up by production management on a monthly basis. Plants are benchmarked against each other.

G4-EN1: Materials used by weight or volume 

Total weight or volume of materials. 

Yara used approximately 9.7 million tonnes of purchased materials in 2015. 

Main products are key fertilizer raw materials like ammonia, phosphate rock, potassium salts and dolomite, which represent the majority of the purchased volume. 

Yara uses SI units in reporting. Tonnes refers to metric tons.

Aspect: Energy 



Energy is a key element in modern farming and food processing. Volatile energy pricing, and in many areas lack of infrastructure, affect the value chain of food production and distribution. This includes the production of mineral fertilizers containing nitrogen, which depend on energy supplies. Manufacturing of fertilizers is a highly energy intensive process. The production of mineral fertilizer carries an environmental footprint, including the use of fossil fuels causing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. Improved efficiency can be achieved throughout the food value chain, with agriculture at the center, and the fertilizer industry can be a major contributor. 

Yara is focusing on energy efficiency in our own production process and how optimum fertilizer application can support sustainability and green growth. In the mineral fertilizer production, the focus is on optimizing the use of natural gas. Almost 90% of Yara’s energy consumption takes place in ammonia production. In recent years, most of Yara's ammonia plants have been technically upgraded to improve energy efficiency. Energy consumption is assessed as part of the plants' environmental management systems and actions have been taken to comply with the Energy Efficiency Directive of European Union. Certification to the ISO 50001 standard on energy management is in place in many units. A number of energy saving programs have been implemented. 

These efforts have paid off. Yara's most efficient ammonia plants rank among the best quartile in the industry, and on average Yara plants perform better than the world industry average, as confirmed by global benchmarking carried out by the International Fertilizer Association (IFA)

G4-EN3: Energy consumption within the organization 

Total non-renewable fuel consumption. 

Yara's total energy consumption in production was 261 million GJ in 2015, compared to 258 million GJ in 2014. 

Almost 90% of the energy is consumed in ammonia production. Natural gas is the main fuel used in Yara. The share of natural gas of total fuel use is approximately 90%. 

Energy consumption in production 2015

Unit 2011 2012*) 2013 2014 2015**)
Total Energy consumption million GJ 229 263 275 258 261

*) Pilbara and Lifeco included 2012 onward 

**) Cartagena and Galvani included in 2015 

Yara energy use is dominated by ammonia production  

Energy use 2015

Energy use 2015 View chart

Total renewable fuel consumption.

Renewable fuels are used in the Brazilian units, where wood chips are typical fuels. The share of total fuels however is very small, approximately 0.5%. 

Energy sold. 

In 2015 Yara exported 2.8 million GJ of surplus heat, steam and electricity from its plants. 

Energy export from Yara plants: 2.8 million GJ of surplus electricity, heat and steam sold in 2015

Energy Export from Yara

Enegy export from Yara plants View chart

G4-EN5: Energy intensity 

Due to the dominant energy intensity of ammonia production, Yara's key energy intensity indicator is energy efficiency in ammonia production. Due to continuous investments to upgrade and optimize the plants' reliability and energy efficiency, Yara has reached a clear improvement in Ammonia energy efficiency. Yara's ammonia plants perform better than ammonia plants on average. 

Energy intensity in Ammonia production [GJ/tonne NH3]

Energy intensity in Ammonia production 2015 View graph

The energy intensity figure contains all energy used in ammonia production, both the production energy and the energy used during shutdown periods and startups. 

Aspect: Water 



Water is crucial for agriculture, and improved water use management is imperative in large parts of the world. Agriculture currently consumes about 70% of all freshwater withdrawals globally. The quality of groundwater resources is shrinking in many parts of the world – as are water levels. 

Sustainable agriculture including resource use efficiency requires improved agricultural practices, including in water management. Connecting water consumption to crop nutrients is one key to enhancing use efficiency: Fertigation combines irrigation and fertilizer application – helping growers to apply the right kinds of fertilizers, in the right amounts and at the right time, targeting the plant's root systems rather than the soil in general.

Yara's contribution to improving agricultural productivity is seen as the main impact on resource management. Yara has also helped develop methods to reduce emissions deriving from the use of mineral fertilizer, including runoff into waterways. 

Yara has assessed the life cycle aspects of water usage by calculating the Water Footprint of fertilizers. According to the results, the impact of water use during manufacturing of fertilizer is minor compared to the use phase. Yara continued to investigate and quantify the effects of crop nutrition on water use efficiency through agronomic trials. Results show that nutrient supply should be adapted to the availability of water in order to maximize crop water productivity. Yara is engaging with external stakeholders (a.o. through CEO Water Mandate and Water Footprint Network) to promote the results.

G4-EN8: Total water withdrawal by source 

Total volume of water by source. 

In 2015, Yara's total water withdrawal was 923 million m3. 

The water sources were: 

  •  97.7% Surface water, including water from wetlands, rivers, lakes and ocean 
  •  1.3% Municipal water supplies 
  •  1.0% Groundwater 

Water is used in Yara's production primarily for cooling purposes, and to a lesser extent, steam production. Thus, nearly all of the water withdrawn by Yara is returned to the water course unpolluted

Aspect: Emissions 



Connecting the issues of food security and climate change is a key approach when responding to global environmental issues. A major global challenge is to create green growth in a low-carbon economy, with a reduced carbon footprint. Today, agriculture causes about one quarter of global greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, with land use change originating from agricultural expansion being the main culprit. The manufacturing of mineral fertilizers contributes to GHG emissions, but they are also vital in limiting the need to expand farmland. 

Several major economies have responded to harmful emissions by imposing stringent regulations, calling for abatement solutions. In particular, these include emission of harmful gases from industry and transportation, including nitrogen oxide NOx.

Yara plays an active role in connecting the food and climate change issues on the global agenda, while our activities and performance are steered by our HESQ policy. By developing a novel N2O catalyst technology and implementing it in our nitric acid plants, Yara has managed to substantially reduce the company's GHG emissions. The technology has also been made available to other players in the industry. Yara's total GHG emissions from production plants have been halved with the help of efficient N2O abatement and improvements in energy efficiency. Each year, Yara's N2O catalysts stop GHG emissions of approximately12 million tonnes of CO2 equivalents from Yara's plants. 

This technology is instrumental to Yara's offering of low-carbon fertilizers. It enabled Yara to launch the world's first carbon footprint declarations for mineral fertilizers. Using our proven low-carbon fertilizers and best farming practices, the carbon footprint from crop production can be significantly reduced while maintaining yields. 

Yara offers a range of environmental solutions to reduce the negative effects of pollution, including abatement of nitrogen oxide NOx, odor control connected to hydrogen sulfide H2S, water treatment, and corrosion prevention. The total NOx abatement by Yara's customers was approximately 1.4 million tonnes in 2015. 

Yara production sites are operated under strict environmental standards and have established environmental management systems based on the ISO 14001 standard and Fertilizer Product Stewardship programs. Performance is regularly monitored and reported internally and to national authorities.

G4-EN15: Direct greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions (Scope 1) 

Gross direct (Scope 1) GHG emissions. 

Yara has for years continued reducing its carbon footprint. In 2015 Yara's GHG emissions totaled 12.3 million tonnes of CO2-equivalents, compared to 11.6 million tonnes in 2014. The increase is due to higher production volumes. 

Greenhouse gases from Yara production

Unit 2011 2012*) 2013 2014 2015**)
Direct greenhouse gases million tonnes of CO2 equivalents 11.2 12.3 12.6 11.6 12.3

*) Pilbara and Lifeco incluced 2012 onward 

**) Cartagena and Galvani included in 2015 

The slight increase in GHG emissions is due to higher production volume than the previous year. By continuous improvement of energy efficiency and good performance of the N2O catalysts at the nitric acid plants, Yara has maintained a significant reduction compared with the starting point when the company was established in 2004. 

Greenhouse gas emissions from Yara production are half of what they would be without the use of N2O abatement [CO2 equivalents]

GHG Emission from Yara production

GHG emission from Yara production  2015 View chart

Most of Yara's nitric acid plants are covered by the European Union Emissions Trading System (EU ETS) or by the UN Joint Implementation mechanism. In 2015, Yara received in total 8.8 million EUAs (EU Allowance unit, one tonne of CO2 under the EU ETS). At the end of 2015, Yara had a cumulative surplus of approximately 4 million EUAs, resulting mainly from our catalyst technology developed and installed in Yara nitric acid plants. 

Gases included in the calculation. 

The relevant gases for Carbon Footprint calculation for fertilizers are CO2 from the use of fossil fuels and N2O from nitric acid production. 

The source of the emission factors used and the global warming potential (GWP) rates used. 

Yara uses the principles given in the Operational guidelines for the ISO 14040 Life Cycle Assessment standards when assessing the potential impact of its emissions into the environment. 

The greenhouse gases relevant for Yara production plants are CO2 from use of fuels and N2O from nitric acid production. These are calculated as CO2 equivalents by the following factors: 

CO2 to air: 1

N2O to air: 298 

Consolidation approach for emissions. 

The greenhouse gas emissions are consolidated according to the operational control approach. Joint ventures where Yara has operational control are included. Yara's share of production, energy or emissions in less than equity-accounted investees are not included.

G4-EN16: Energy indirect greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions (Scope 2) 

Gross energy indirect (Scope 2) GHG emissions. 

Yara has estimated the Scope 2 greenhouse gas emissions relevant to the company's purchased energy. 

The GHG emissions related to purchase of energy is 0.4 million tonnes of CO2-equivalents in 2015. 

Standards, methodologies, and assumptions used. 

The calculation was based on energy supply emissions factors used in the Fertilizers Europe Carbon Footprint calculator. The Fertilizers Europe calculator uses 2013 data from the GaBi database for energy sources. The calculator is verified by a third party.

G4-EN18: Greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions intensity 

GHG emissions intensity ratio. 

In 2015, Yara updated the carbon footprint calculations for its main fertilizers produced in the Nordic and Central European plants. Yara used the calculation tool specifically designed for the fertilizer sector. This allows easy visualization of fertilizers' impact into the Carbon Footprint of agricultural products. The carbon footprint for the different fertilizer grades from these production sites were verified by a third party. The carbon footprint values in kg CO2/kg product represent the maximum carbon footprint for the specific fertilizer product and production site. 

Carbon Footprint of Yara fertilizer products

Product Type Production sites covered kg CO2e/kg product max
AN (33.5 %N) Rostock, Germany Sluiskil, The Netherlands 1.19
CAN (27 %N) Rostock, Germany Sluiskil, The Netherlands 0.99
Urea (46 %N) **) Sluiskil, The Netherlands 1.52
UAN (30 %N)**) Rostock, Germany Sluiskil, The Netherlands 1.06
CN (15.5 %N) Glomfjord, Norway Porsgrunn, Norway 0.65
NPK *) (15 %N -15 %K2O -15 %P2O5) Glomfjord, Norway Porsgrunn, Norway Siilinjärvi, Finland Uusikaupunki, Finland 0.80

*) Exact result of an NPK grade depends on the N-P-K ratio. **) The Urea and UAN figures include CO2 emissions from hydrolysis after application, but no other emissions from use of the product. ***) Data vintage covers the year 2013. For the Sluiskil plant, 2014 data is used.

Other attachments: 

The carbon footprint verification statement (PDF, 0.294MB) 

The organization-specific metric chosen to calculate the ratio. 

The calculator tool estimates the carbon footprint (t CO2 equivalents/t product) related to the production of a specific fertilizer product. All emissions with GWP (Global Warming Potential) are included. The calculator includes direct and indirect emissions from all materials directly related to the production of the particular fertilizer product, as delivered to the final product storage at the production site. Further, the calculator includes the estimated emissions from purchased energy and indirect emissions resulting from the production and transportation of raw materials. The calculation tool does not include any emissions released from the application of the fertilizers.

G4-EN19: Reduction of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions 

GHG emissions reductions achieved. 

Yara's most significant initiative to reduce GHG emissions so far is the installation of N2O catalyst technology at its nitric acid plants. The catalysts remove about 90% of the N2O emissions in Yara’s plants. Yara's catalyst technology is also commercially available to third parties. Catalysts have been installed at close to 60 plants so far. 

Numerous optimizing activities are taking place at Yara plants to improve energy efficiency and reduce emissions. Investments in ammonia plants are contributing to improving energy efficiency. Yara has made a business out of captured CO2 emissions in several plants, selling the CO2 for various uses. The Sluiskil plant in the Netherlands sells CO2 to greenhouses. Yara's feed phosphate plant in Kokkola, Finland, turns its CO2 emissions into products by delivering the gas to a company producing medical and technical gases.

G4-EN21: NOX, SOX, and other significant air emissions 

Significant air emissions. 

Yara has successfully installed and revamped DeNOx units at the production sites to reduce the emission of NOx. Stability of the plants together with the DeNOx abatement have contributed to the reduction of NOx. However, due to the acquisition of the Cartagena plant, higher production volumes and also a damaged process unit, the total NOX emissions from Yara plants in 2015 was 8,640 tonnes NO2, compared to 7,678 tonnes in 2014.The damaged equipment was replaced in a maintenance shutdown in 2015. 

Emissions to air from Yara production

Unit 2015*) 2014
NOx tonnes NO2 8,640 7,678
SOx tonnes SO2 2,615 1,257
NH3 tonnes 3,875 3,686
F tonnes 34 14
Dust tonnes 4,757 4,350

*) Cartagena and Galvani included in 2015 

NOx Emissions to air- Cartagena acquisition and high production amounts key contributors to increase but also one damaged process unit [thousand tonnes NO2]

NOx Emissions to air [thousand tonnes NO2]

EN21 NOx Emissions to air View chart

SOX emissions from Yara plants are mainly the result of sulphuric acid production. Yara’s acquisition of the Galvani plants are thus reflected in the SOX emissions, which were raised to 2,615 tonnes SO2 compared to 1,257 tonnes in 2014. However, the level is still 40% lower than in 2010, thanks to the change of fuel used in the Brunsbuttel ammonia plant. Emissions of Galvani plants are included in the figures only in 2015. Earlier figures were not adjusted. 

Approximately 4.8 tonnes of dust was emitted from Yara plants in 2015. The dust is either plant nutrients, raw material inerts, or salts. 

Standards, methodologies, and assumptions used. 

Air emissions are measured, analyzed and registered according to national regulations. Yara uses the principles given in the operational guidelines for the ISO 14040 Life Cycle Assessment standards when assessing the potential impact of emissions into the environment. Emissions from Galvani and Cartagena plants are included in the figures of 2015 only. Earlier figures were not adjusted.

Aspect: Effluents and Waste 



Yara is dedicated to excellence in health, safety, environment and quality, which includes minimizing emissions to water. While the release of fertilizer from Yara's own operations is at a very low level, losses of fertilizers to the environment is a challenge in the agricultural sector. Yara promotes increased productivity and reduced environmental impact from fertilizer use. 

In July 2014, Yara became a 'CEO Water Mandate' signatory. 

It is of great importance to use fertilizers correctly. Incorrect application could cause growth in unwanted areas, for example, leakage of nutrients into rivers and sea. Yara is a proponent of nutrient management systems and tools designed to achieve better fertilizer use efficiency in the agricultural sector. Yara believes that engaging downstream of its own business, towards the agricultural sector, provides the most substantial opportunities for improvement. Yara's activities are therefore focused on value-chain engagement. 

Discharges to water from Yara's production are mainly nitrogen and phosphate. Control of emissions complies with each site’s environmental permits, is monitored strictly and reported to the local environmental authorities.

G4-EN22: Total water discharge by quality and destination 

Total volume of planned and unplanned water discharges. 

Yara's emissions impacting eutrophication increased slightly, totaling 3,800 tonnes of PO4-equivalents compared to 3,560 tonnes in 2014. 

The total volume of water discharge was 800 million m3 in 2015, compared to 762 million m3 in 2014. A large part of this is returned unpolluted cooling water. 56% of the water volume is discharged into the sea, 35% into rivers and 9% into lakes.

Discharges to water from Yara production

Unit 2015 2014
Total volume of water discharge million m3 800 762
N tonnes 2,814 2,595
P tonnes 47 59

Cartagena and Galvani included in 2015

800 million m3 of water was discharged from Yara plants, majority of that was cooling water

Water discharge

Water Discharge View chart

Emissions contributing to eutrophication: Total 3,800 tonnes of PO4 equivalents in 2015

Emissions contributing to eutrophication

Emissions eutrophication View graph

Standards, methodologies, and assumptions used. 

Yara uses the principles given in the Operational Guidelines for the ISO 14040 Life Cycle Assessment standards when assessing the potential impact of emissions to the environment. The main impact for water caused by nitrogen and phosphorus emissions is eutrophication. Thus, the water and air emission data is combined to characterize their eutrophication potential, given in tonnes of PO4-equivalents by using the following factors: 

N to water: 0.42 

P to water: 3.06

NOx to air: 0.13 

NH3to air: 0.35

Emissions per production are calculated by using the total amount of finished products produced by the sites in the scope of the environmental report, including 50% of the equity-accounted plant in Libya. Yara's share of production, energy or emissions in less than equity-accounted investees are not included. 

G4-EN23: Total weight of waste by type and disposal method 

Total weight of hazardous and non-hazardous waste. 

Yara's operations generated about 71,000 tonnes of non-hazardous waste and 10,000 tonnes of hazardous waste in 2015. The majority (79%) of all non-hazardous waste and 29% of hazardous waste was recycled. The slight increase in waste amounts was primarily due to disposal of old equipment and buildings during turnaround investments.

Generated waste by type and disposal method, excluding apatite mining related wastes, gypsum and iron oxide [tonnes]

Waste type and disposal

Waste type and disposal View graph

Development of waste amounts, excluding apatite mining related wastes, gypsum and iron oxide [tonnes]

Development of waste amounts

Development of waste amounts View graph

Mining gangue, concentrator sand and gypsum generated in the mines in Brazil and Finland are not included in the above figures. The total amount of these stored into the on-site piling areas during 2015 was approximately 22.3 million tonnes.

G4-EN24: Total number and volume of significant spills 

Number and volume of significant spills. There were four cases registered as spills during 2015. None of these had an environmental, financial or reputational impact at a level considered to be significant. 

Aspect: Products and Services



Feeding a world population estimated at 9 billion people in 2050 is one of the major tasks of our time. Population growth, and the increase in food consumption resulting from economic growth, require global food production 60% higher than in 2010. This production increase has to be achieved without depleting natural resources: Increasing farmland area should be avoided, as land use change causes global warming, and freshwater withdrawal for agriculture already conflicts with other uses. World agriculture is responsible for a major share of greenhouse gas emissions, which in turn affect agricultural productivity. 

Yara advocates that agriculture can be part of the solution. Yield levels can be improved, which will contribute to reduced deforestation. New technology and modern farm management can have a substantial impact on the carbon footprint of fertilization.

Other human activities also cause emissions and pollution. In particular, these include the emission of harmful gases from industry and transportation, including nitrogen oxide NOX emissions deriving from the use of fossil fuels in transportation, power generation and industrial production. Yara's knowledge and solutions can contribute to offsetting negative environmental effects of such activities, in particular harmful emissions to air and water.

Yara promotes and facilitates sustainable agriculture. As the world's leading producer of mineral fertilizers, Yara has developed extensive agronomic knowledge that it shares with farmers. Yara has invested heavily in advisory systems to ensure accurate matching of nutrient supply and crop need to meet good agricultural practice. The concept of sustainable agriculture aims at preserving biodiversity and maintaining soil fertility and water purity. It also contributes to the conservation and improvement of the soil. 

Within the Cool Farm Alliance Yara contributes to developing tools for farmers to calculate their farm-gate environmental impacts. Yara constantly works to develop new and improved products and practices. 

Yara offers a range of environmental solutions to the maritime sector, water utilities and waste water treatment plants to reduce the negative effects of pollution. These include abatement of nitrogen oxide NOX, odor control connected to hydrogen sulfide H2S, water treatment, and corrosion prevention.

G4-EN27: Extent of impact mitigation of environmental impacts of products and services 

Mitigation of environmental impacts of products and services. 

An array of fertilizing management tools such as the N-Sensor™ and the N-Tester™, as well as analysis and software applications such as the Internet-based Megalab™, assist farmers in keeping profitability up and environmental impact down. Optimizing N efficiency not only reduces climate and other environmental impacts, it is also a key factor in maintaining and even increasing farm productivity and profitability. Field trials in Germany show a 3 to 4% yield increase, a 2 to 6% reduction of fertilizer rates and consequently improved N balances (a reduction of the N surplus) of 10 to 20 kg N/ha. 

Expert advice on a wide range of crop-specific nutrients, alongside a comprehensive range of fertilizers to match the advice, helps improve the efficiency of land use, fertilizer use and farm profitability. For more information, see Crop Nutrition.

Yara is the world's largest producer of AdBlue, known as Diesel Exhaust Fluid (DEF) in North America or ARLA32 in Brazil – a urea based product needed to turn NOX from diesel-powered vehicles into harmless water vapor and nitrogen. Yara's high purity urea solution is commercialized under the Air1 brand. NOX reductions of more than 80% are achieved and overall fuel efficiency improves by about five percent compared with competing technologies. In addition, vehicles that use less fuel emit less CO2. Yara is selling the Air1 product on all five continents. 

Yara NOxCare is a complete portfolio of technology, reagents, after-treatment processes and services for nitrogen oxide emissions abatement, delivered to industrial plants. 

The total NOX abatement by Yara's customers was approximately1.4 million tonnes in 2015. 

Web link: Yara Crop Nutrition 

Web link: Yara Environmental Solutions

Aspect: Compliance 



All Yara's large chemical manufacturing sites are classified as industrial activities with potential major accident hazards. Their operations are covered by local environmental permits and they are required to operate in accordance with strict procedures and management controls. 

Yara's Board of Directors is informed about pertinent safety, health, environmental and product stewardship issues and will ensure that policies and steering documents are in place and actions taken to achieve the goals. Management in each business area is responsible for educating, training and motivating employees to understand and comply with Yara's environmental policy. Management systems have been set up to monitor and support this work throughout the organization. 

All Yara products and services related to the supply of fertilizers and chemicals are regulated by national and international codes. Yara production sites are operated under strict environmental standards and have established environmental management systems based on the ISO 14001 standard and Fertilizer Product Stewardship programs. Performance is regularly monitored and reported internally and to national authorities. 

Certified management systems at Yara production sites

Production plant ISO 9001 ISO 14001 OHSAS 18001 Product Stewardship Others
Australia Pilbara In progress In progress In progress In progress
Belgium Tertre x x x x
Brazil Ponta Grossa - - - -
Brazil Rio Grande x (partially) x (partially) x (partially) x (partially)
Brazil Paulinia x (partially) - - -
Brazil Luis Eduardo Magalhaes - - - -
Brazil Lagamar - - - -
Brazil Angico dos Dias - - - -
Canada Belle Plaine In progress In progress In progress x
Colombia Cartagena x - - In progress
Finland Kokkola x x x x GMP +B2 (Feed safety)
Finland Siilinjärvi x x x x
Finland Uusikaupunki x x x x
France Ambès x x x x ISO 50001
France Le Havre x x x x ISO 50001
France Montoir x x x x
France Pardies x x x x
Germany Brunsbüttel x x x x ISO 50001
Germany Rostock x x x x ISO 50001
Italy Ferrara x x In progress x ISO-FS 22000
Italy Ravenna x x In progress x
Libya Marsa El Brega - - - -
Netherlands Sluiskil x x x x ISO-FS 22000
Norway Glomfjord x x x x
Norway Porsgrunn x x x x ISO 50001, ISO-FS 22000
Sweden Köping x x x x ISO 50001
Trinidad x x x -

Web link: Yara's HESQ policy 

Web link: IFA Product Stewardship certifications at Yara 

Head of Yara HESQ is responsible for environmental reporting. In addition to third party audits, Corporate HESQ runs internal audits to follow up compliance with corporate and external requirements.

G4-EN29: Monetary value of significant fines and total number of non-monetary sanctions for non-compliance with environmental laws and regulations 

Significant fines and non-monetary sanctions. 

Ten Yara sites reported incidents of short-term permit breaches to local authorities in 2015. Their root causes have been investigated and corrective measures are ongoing to ensure further conformity. No fines or other sanctions were passed to Yara for environmental issues. One case of water quality during startup of the plant is under investigation. In Yara Montoir, France, a five-year action plan is ongoing to reach compliance with water discharge regulations and revised fertilizer storage regulations.

Aspect: Transport 



Yara is present in more than 60 countries and has sales to about 160 countries worldwide. Realizing Yara's scale advantages in the raw material procurement together with efficient inbound and outbound logistics are key contributors in ensuring reliable supplies of mineral fertilizer and related industrial products to customers worldwide. 

Yara's Supply Chain operations are responsible for execution of all supply chain activities. This includes global planning and optimization of finished products. Yara has a global network of suppliers, logistics expertise, deep sea terminals and large ammonia storage capacity.

G4-EN30: Significant environmental impacts of transporting products and other goods and materials for the organization's operations, and transporting members of the workforce 

Significant environmental impacts of transporting. 

Yara did not experience any severe transport related accidents during 2015. 

Yara registers and investigates all incidents related to transport of Yara products. Damages during shipments were typically product damages caused by rain or sea water intruding into the hold. The number of incidents decreased from the previous year. Two ships grounded, one of which suffered rudder damage, and one tanker collided with gates at the entrance of a lock. None of these incidents involved employee safety consequences nor caused environmental damage. 

Aspect: Supplier Environmental Assessment 



With operations in more than 60 countries, Yara is sourcing from more than 20,000 suppliers. Yara's regular suppliers range from local service providers to global producers of raw materials, logistical services and technology. Yara expects its Business Partners to work according to the same internationally recognized and endorsed standards in key areas such as international human rights, business ethics and labor rights, as emphasized in Yara's Code of Conduct. Yara is committed to working only with partners that fulfill this requirement.

G4-EN32: Percentage of new suppliers that were screened using environmental criteria 

a. Report the percentage of new suppliers that were screened using environmental criteria. 

Yara has an Integrity Due Diligence (IDD) framework implemented in all Yara companies. By reviewing potential and existing suppliers, and working with our suppliers to explain our standards, Yara manages the performance of its vendor base. 

In major technical projects, potential environmental impacts and hazards are identified in the early phase of the project. Based on this assessment, environmental and safety specifications for the design and construction are created. Throughout the project, suppliers' performance is followed up according to a project specific HES program, which also defines roles and responsibilities of each party. Eight large contracts had this structure fully included in 2015, in addition four complete specifications were prepared for bidding phase.

Aspect: Environmental Grievance Mechanisms 


Materiality. All Yara's large chemical manufacturing sites are classified as industrial activities with potential major accident hazards. Their operations are covered by local environmental permits and they are required to operate in accordance with strict procedures and management controls to prevent major process safety related accidents. Yara's plants are not considered to represent a risk to the local environment, except if a major accident should occur. 

Yara has a well-developed process management system, including detailed technical standards and extensive audit and inspection program. Systematic monitoring of environmental performance and process safety measures is put in place including continual development competences and process safety tools such as Hazops (Hazard and Operability studies). Non-conformities to the technical standards are monitored and followed up in detail by the management. 

Systematic monitoring of Process Safety measures is put in place including continual development of technical competence of process operations and process safety tools such as Hazops (Hazard and Operability studies). 

As a part of their environmental management system, all sites have procedures in place to address and resolve concerns or complaints raised by stakeholders, as well as emergency communication procedures to contact relevant stakeholders in a case of a potential accident.

G4-EN34: Number of grievances about environmental impacts filed, addressed, and resolved through formal grievance mechanisms 

Total number of grievances. 

Thirteen Yara sites received environmental grievances from stakeholders during 2015. A total of 132 environmental complaints and concerns were reported. They were all addressed and investigated, and 86 of them were closed during the year. The cases were typically individual concerns raised by neighbors related to abnormal or sudden smell or noise. 

This was the first year that Yara reported on environmental grievances, so no earlier data is available.

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